Audiology, as a branch of medicine, appeared relatively recently. But since a significant number of people in old age suffer from hearing loss, the services of audiologists are increasingly in demand.
Who is a audiologist?
The doctor of this specialization is engaged in the diagnosis and subsequent treatment of diseases associated with hearing impairment. An important place is given to the prevention of these diseases. The doctor selects the hearing aid required by the patient and adjusts it. I must admit that this is a rather rare specialization today. Today, a good audiologist takes only in large medical institutions. These include our center.
Physician audiologist photo What kind of diseases does a audiologist treat?
In fact, audiology is part of otolaryngology and is closely associated with it. Typically, patients go to an audiologist when a conventional otorhinolaryngologist cannot solve the problem associated with impairment of hearing, since a narrower specialization of the physician is required.
The audiologist will help to cure the following diseases:
- Meniere’s disease affecting the middle ear;
- acoustic neuroma, accompanied by the formation, as a rule, a benign tumor. There is also an imbalance;
- otosclerosis, flowing in the middle ear;
- damage to the membrane, which experts also call perforation;
- senile hearing loss characteristic of the elderly;
- tinnitus associated with various pathologies;
- hearing loss caused by extraneous noises.
Diagnosis at the audiologist
The audiologist cures diseases of the ear, nose, larynx, pharynx and trachea. This specialist uses specific methods of treatment and diagnosis, which include:
- Threshold audiometry, which measures the signal that irritates the patient;
- tympanometry is a method for studying the functions of the middle ear;
- impedancemetry – is used when comprehensive hearing testing is required.
- electroacoustic emission, research based on the use of elastic waves;
- otoacoustic emission, used to examine small children. This method is extremely safe and applies even to newborns.
When should I contact an audiologist?
Symptoms for which you should make an appointment with an audiologist are:
- it is difficult to hear the ring of the telephone or the front door;
- can not understand the telephone speech;
- during a conversation it is required to turn to the interlocutor and at the same time to strain the ear in order to understand his phrases;
- often have to ask again the interlocutor during the dialogue;
- it is difficult to make out a conversation in the presence of extraneous noise;
- relatives and neighbors make observations that your television is very loud.
This doctor has been treating children since their birth. It is important to establish in time that the child requires a pediatric audiologist. Therefore, parents need to know the symptoms by which you can determine a hearing loss in a child. Disturbing factors are:
- frequent requests to repeat what has been said;
- problems understanding the information in the lessons;
- the child makes the sound of the TV louder than the rest of their peers;
- when the sound of the TV seems normal to the rest of the family, the child tries to sit closer to him;
- problems with pronouncing long phrases;
- inattention and demonstrative bad behavior;
- the child complains that he has ears, or that it is difficult for him to hear someone’s speech.
To determine the alarming symptoms in a newborn baby, you need to know the reaction to the sounds of a child with normal hearing. At the age of three months the baby shudders and starts to move with a loud sound. A little later, he begins to turn his head, hearing the voices of his parents, and tries to say something himself.
The absence of such a reaction should serve as a signal to the parents that the child should be consulted by an audiologist.